Atrial fibrillation (AF)

Diagnostic and therapeutic approach


When AF is diagnosed we have to decide about:

  1. Eventual anticoagulation based on CHADs-VASC score. Bleeding risk must be calculated with the HAS-BLED score.
  2. Rhythm control = cardioversion.
  3. Heart rate control.

Alternative to anticoagulation exists, like percutaneous closure of the left atrial appendage (LAA).